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??? ???? (????) ????? (???? ??’ ????? ?’??”?, 12 ???????? 1959; ?????, ???’????) ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?”?.
???? ?????? ?????’???? ???? ????? ?????, ?????? ??? ??????. ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? 11. ???? 1970 ???? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????, ?? ????? ?????? ???? 1980 ????? ??”?. ???? 1990 ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???”? ????? ??? ???.[1].
???? 1982 ??? ????? ?? ???, ???? ??? ???? ???, ?? ??? ??? ??’???. ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????. ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????. ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? “???? ???” ?? ?? ????. ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? “???? ???” ??’??? ????????, ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?????.
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???????? “??? ????”, “??? ?????”, “??? ???” ????. ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????, ??? “??? ???” ???? ??? ????? ???? ?”?????? ????” ???? ???? ???????.

?????? ????????? ???? 2006 ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?”?, ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????, ??? ????? ???? ?????, ??? ??? ???? ????????. ??????? ????? ?-18 ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?”? ????? ????.
?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ????? “???? ???? ?????”. ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????, ?? ?? ????? ??????, ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???”?, ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????. ?????? ?? ???: “????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???????… ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????”?[2]. ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? “??? ?????” ?”???? ?????” ?????? ???? ???? 2010. ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? “??? ????”?[3]
???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? (??????? ??? ???? ???), ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? 15 ???? ????, ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????, ??? ????? ??????[4]. ????? ???, ??? ?? ????? ??????, ????? ???? ?????? ??????, ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??. ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????, ?? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ????????????? ??????, ?????????, ????????? ??????? ???????????? (??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????).
?????? 2011 ???? ?? “??? ???? ????? ??????”. ??????? ?????? ???? ??????: “??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???????, ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????, ??????? ???????, ??????? ???? ?????? ??????”?[5].
????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????, ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??????. ?????, ??? ???? ???”? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???, ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????.
?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????. ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????, ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????. ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????, ???? ???? ???????? ?????, ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? “??? ?? ????”?[6].
????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????????, ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ?? “??? ???”.?[7] ??????? 2012 ??? ???? ???? “??? ??????” ??? ??? ????, ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????.
??????? ?? ????? ?”? ?????? ?????? ?”?????” ??????? 2009 ??? ???? ???? ????? ?”? ??? “?????-???????”. ??? ??? ?????? ?”? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????, ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????????? ????????-???????[8]. ??? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ?????-????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????-?? ??????? ????????[9].
??????? 2010 ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?”?, ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?”? ????? ??”? ??? ???? ???????[10]. ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????, ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???”??[11]. ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??”? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????????[12]. ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? “??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????”. ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????, ????? “??? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ???, ???????? ??????? ?????????”, ????? ?”?? ???? ?????” ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????[13]. ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????????[14].
????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?”?. ?? ????? ?? ??? ????, ????: “??? ????, ?? ?? ????? 11 ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????????”. ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? “??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ????. ??? ????? ?? ?????, ?? ?????”?[15]. ???? ??????? ?”?, “??? ????”, ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? “????” ?”???? ????”, ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????[16].

????? “??? ??????” ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?”? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?”?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??”? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????… ??? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???????”.
????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????, ??? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????. ????? ?”????” ??? ???????? ????? ??????: “????? ??? ??? ??????. ??? ?????? ?? ?????, ??????? ?????? ????, ????? ???????? ????”?[17]. ????? ?”????? ????” ???? ?”? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?”???? ??, ???? ????? ????????? ????????” ????? ?? “????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??”? ??? ?????”?[18].
?-3 ?????? 2012 ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?”??[19].
???? ???”? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???. ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?-19 ?? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????.
????????
???? ????, ??????? ?? ????”?, ?????? ???? ?????? ????, ???”?
???? ????, ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????, ??? ?????, ???”?-??”?
???? ????, ??????? ???????? ???????, ?????? ????? ???”?
???? ????, ?? ??? ?????? ??????
???? ???? ?????, ????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????, 2007 – ????”?
??? ??? ????? – ?? ????? ????, ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????, 2010 – ???”?
?????? ??????? ????, ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???”?, ??”?
?????? ???? ????? ??????, ????? ???”?
?????? “??? ?????? ?????”, ??? ????? ??????
???? ????, ??????? ?????? ??????
???? ?????, ????? ????? ???? ?????, ??? ???, 1986
??? ????, ??? ??????, ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????, ?? ????: ????? ???, 2012
????: http://he.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????_?????&oldid=14542417

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