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???? ????? ??????, ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???. ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? (2). ???? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??. ??? ?? ???, ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????, ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????. ????? ?????? ??? ‘????? ??????’ (???? ????? ??????) ?’????? ?????’ (???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ???????), ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????.

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?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????. ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????. ????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????? ???. ????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????. ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????.

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????, ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????, ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ???, ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????. ????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????????. ???? ????, ???? ????”? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????, ?? ??, ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???.

??????, ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????, ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????, ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????. ???? ????? ???? ??, ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????, ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????. ??, ????, ???? ???? ?????? ?????, ???, ????? ???? ?????, ???????, ??? ???, ??????, ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????, ????? ???? ??????, ?? ????? ????? ?? ????, ?? ??? ???? ??????, ??? ????? ?????? ?????, ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ????? (????? ?????? ????) ???? ?????? ??????? ????? (????? ??? ???, ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????). ??????, ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????, ??? ?? ???? ????? ?????, ???????, ??? ??? ?????.

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??????, ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????? ???, ????, ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????. ??? ???, ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??-????? ?? ????, ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????, ???? ???? ????? ?????, ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ??????.

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???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????, ??? ????? ???? ??????, ????? ??? ‘?????????’, ????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????, ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ‘??????’ ??? ????.
???? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????, ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ?????. ???? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????. ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ??????, ??? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???, ??? ?? ??????, ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????. ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ????. ?? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????.
???? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????, ??? ????? ?????? ?????. ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?????. ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????, ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????, ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??????, ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????, ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??????. ?? ??? ??????, ??? ?? ??, ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????, ??? ???? ?? ????.

????? ????, ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???, ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????.
???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ??-????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????. ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????, ?? ?????.

????? ??????, ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????. ???? ??? ?????. ??? ????? ???? ????? ???, ???? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????. ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? (6). ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??????, ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????.
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1. Collier, P. 2013 Exodus: How Migration is Changing our World. Oxford Press
2. Inbar M. and Adler, C. 1977 Ethnic integration in Israe : a comparative case study of Moroccan brothers who settled in France and in Israel
Eliany M. 2013 Hebrew
??????? ?. 2013 ????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????, ?????????? ????????. ??? ??? ???? , ?????
Peled Y. and Shafir G. 2002 Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship
Cambridge university Press (English) and 2005 Tel Aviv University Press (Hebrew)
3. Peled Y. and Shafir G. 2002 ibid
4. Yaron Tsur, 2001, A Torn Community : The Jews of Morocco and Nationalism, 1943-1954,
The Hebrew title: ????? ????? Am Oved, Tel Aviv in http://jewishmoroccanarchive.co/blog-2/israel/publication-content/?id=88&language=EN
5. Eliany M. 2013 Hebrew
??????? ?. 2013 ????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????, ?????????? ????????. ??? ??? ???? , ?????
6. Serge Haroche 2012 “for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems”
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji 1997 “for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light”
Baruj Benacerraf, 1980 “for discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions”

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