Publication Content

???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?”? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????????
???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?”? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????????
?”? ????? ????
????? ??????? ?????? “????”, 16.4.1998
???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????, ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????
?????? 1952, ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????, ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????, ???? ???? ????? ????, ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????. ???? ???, ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????, ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? “??? ????? ?????”. ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????????. ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????. ???? ???, ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???. ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? “????? ????? ???.” ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????, ????? ?????, ????? ?? ????? ????? “???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????”. ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????. ??? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ????.
????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????????, ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???. ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? 1942 ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????. ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? 1950 ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? “???? ???? ??????”. ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????, ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????, ???? ???????? ?? ?????, ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????; ?? ???? ????? ??? ?”? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??????; ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????; ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????. ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????. ????, ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????????? ??????. ???? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????. ?? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? “????? ????”. ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??????????????? ?????? — ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? — ?? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??????. ???????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????.
????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????, ???? ????, ???? ????, ???? ?????, ???? ???????, ??? ?????, ??? ??, ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???. ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ????? 1948. ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???, ?? ???? ??????, ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????. ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??.
????? ????, 1948-1951, ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???”? ???????? ????? ?? ????????? ????? 1948, ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????, ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? 1948 ???? ???? ????? ?????, ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???. ??? ??? ????? ?? ??-????? ????????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????, ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????. ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? “????????” ???????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? 1948 ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????. ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? “???? ???? ??????”, ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????????????? ?????????.
????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???? 1942 ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????. ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???”?-????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????????. ?? ???? ????? ?????, ?????? ???? ??????? ???????, ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????. ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????-??????. ??????? ?????? ??????, ??? ???? ????? ????, ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? “????????? ?????”. ????? ????? ???? ???????, ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ?????. ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????. ????? ????? — ???? ??????? ??????? — ????? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????, ??????, ?????? ????????. ????? ?????? ??????, ??? ??????, ?????? ????? ???????, ????, ?????, ????? ??????, ?? ????????.
??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????. ????? 1947-1948 ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????. ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????, ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???????. ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????-??????. ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???????-??????.
?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????, ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????. ??? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????????. ????, ????? ?????? 1949 ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?”?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????” ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????????. ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????: “???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? … ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? – ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? … ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? …” (????? ????? ???? 6.9.49).
????? ???? ??????? 1949 ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????. ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ????, ??? ????? ?????, ??? ?????? ??????? ????. ??-?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????, ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????. ??? ?? ?? ??-??????: “????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????. ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????, ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????; ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????” (????? ????? ???? 25.10.49). ??-?????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? “????? ????” ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????: ???? ????? 1948 ?/?? ???????.
????? ??? 1950 ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????. ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????. ??? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????. ??? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? 1934, ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?”? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????. ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?30- ????? ????.
????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????. ?????? 1950 ????? ???? ????, ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ??”?, ?? ????? ?”? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? “???? ?????” ???? “??? ?????? ?????? ???????” ?? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????: “??????? ?”? ?”? ?. ????? ??. ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? (?????? ????? ?.?.) ????? ?????? ??????. ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????”.
????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ?’ ???, ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ??? ???? ??????, ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? “???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??????”.
?? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????.
???? 1951 ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????. ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????. ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?-35,000 ??????. ????, ?105,000- ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? (???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????) ??????? ????? ?????? ??????. ?-10 ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????, ??? ????? ?????, ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????. ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????. ?????? ?????? ????? ??????, ??? ??? ????? ??????, ?????? ??????? ?????.
?????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????: “… ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? …. ??? ???? ?????? … ?? ?????? ????: ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?????, ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????????, ???? ???? ????? ??….”
????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????: “…. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????. ????? ????? ???? ????? ???, ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???, ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? …”
??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ?????? ????? ??????? ????????. ???: “????? ??? ???: ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????, ????? ???? … ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????…” .
???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? “????? ?????”: ” ??????? ???????? … ???????? ???? ????? ????, ??? ???? ????? ?????, ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????, ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ????. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?????, ????? ?????? ?????. ???? ?? ?????? ????? ????: ?????? ????? ?????, ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???????, ????? ????? ???????, ????? ???? ?????, ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? – ????? ?? ??????….. ”
??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????: “…..??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????: ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????, ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????, ????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ?????…. ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????, ??? … ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????, ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????, ?? ?? ??????.”
?-19 ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????. ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? 1948 ???? ?????? ???:
“… ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? – ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? — ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ????? … ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? … ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? … ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????”.
????? ??, ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????????, ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? “??? ?????”, ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????, ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????. ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????, ???? “??? ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ??, ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????, ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? 100,000 ?????? ???????”. ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????.
????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????. ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? “??? ?????????” “?????” ?”??????”. ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?”??? ?????”. ???? ????? ????”? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????, “?? ?????, ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????, ???? ?????? ????? ??”. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???????, ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????. ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ?”?????” (????? ??????) ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?. ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????.
?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????. ?????? ?????????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????. ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ????????. ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????: “????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????. ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?????, ????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????…. ….?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????, ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???”.
???? ????, ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????, ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????. ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??”? “????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????” ?????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????. ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????. ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???.
?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????. ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ?? “????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????”, ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????”? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????, ????? ?? “????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????”. ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?”??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????”. ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????, ???? ??????? ???? ?????.
?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????????? ????? 1948. ????? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????, ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????? ????. ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????, ??? ????? ????? ???? “?????” ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????????. ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? (16.9.51): “… ????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????….??? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????”.
??? ?? ???? ?????, ??? ??????? ????? 120,000 ?????? ??????, ????? ????? ????? ????? ????. ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????. ??? ????? ??? ??, ????? ????? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ?? “???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????????. ??? ?? ??? ???, ??? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????”.
?????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??????. ???? 1955, ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????. ????? ????? ?????? ???”? ???? 17.12.56 ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????. ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? ???”? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????. ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???”?. ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ????: “?????? ?? ??????, ????? ???????, ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????”
??????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ?????? ???? ???, ??? ???? ????? ???????? 1955, ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ?????? ??? “????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????, ????????? ????? ??? ????? ????”. ?”? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??. ??? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????.
????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????. ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? 1979 ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????, ??? ????? ??? ????: “… ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???, ?? ?? ?????? ???, ?????? ?????? ??? ???????. ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????, ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????????. ????? ????, ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????”. ????? ?? ????? ????, ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????. ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?”?????? ???????” ????? ?????.
????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ????????, ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? 1948. ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ????????, “??????” ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????. ????, ?????? ??????? ??????, ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? “???? ?? ???? ?????”. ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????, ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???. ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?????.
????? ????? 1948 ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????. ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?-2.5 ??????? ????. ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? 1951 ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???”? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? 600,000 ??????? ?????? ????????? ????. ?????? 1997 ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????. ????? ????? ??? ????? 48 ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????????.
???? ???, ?? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ????????? ???????? ???? ?”???? ????? ??????”, ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????. ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? (“??? ?? ???????”). ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????, ????? ????, ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *