Publication Content

Political Corruption: The Power of the Game ???? ?? ?????? ??????
????? ?? ???? ????

???? ???? ?”???????? ???????”/
????’ ???? ????
????? ?????? ??? ??? “???? ???? ????????? ???????”. ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? “????” ???????? 1998, ???? ????? ?? ??????, ???? ?? ??????, “????????-???????: ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????. ?????? ?? ???? ??????” [1].
?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????. ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????. ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????. ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ????, ???????? ???? ??? ???? ?????, ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????, ??? ????????? ???, ???????? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???????, ???? ??????????.
? 1991 ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???, ?????? ??’?? ?’???, ?????’ ?????? ????????????? ? City University of New York. ??????:
Political Corruption: The Power of the Game [2]
?? ????? ???? ??????, ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ????????. ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? 1948-1988.
???? ???? ?? ???? ???????, ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??? ????? ??????, ?? ??????, ?? ???? ????????-??????? ?? ??????????? ????????, ???? ?? ?? ?????, ??? ???????, ?????? ????,????. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??????, ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????.
???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????, ??? ?? ??? ??????? ???. ??? ????? ?? ???????, ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?”? ?????? ??????? ???. ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????????. ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????.
?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??????, ????? ????, ??? ??????? ???? ?????-????. ??? ??????????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????-??????? ????? ????, ????? ?????? ????? ????, ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ?????. ?????? ???? ??? ?”? ????? ????? ??????? ?? “??????”, ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????. ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????, ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????.
????? ?? ???, ??????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?????, ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????-???????, ???????, ?????? ????, ??????? ?????. ?? ?? ???, ??????? ?????? ???? ?????, ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????, ??? ??????????. ????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???, ???????? ???????? ???????, ?????? ?? ???, ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????, ???????, ?? ????. ?? ???? ??? ???????.
?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????. ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?”? ???? ???? ??? ????, ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????, ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????. ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????, ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????, ????, ??????? ????”?.
???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????????. ??? ??????????, ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????????, ??? ?? ??????. ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????, ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????, ????? ???? ??? ??????-??????. ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????, ??????, ????????. ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????, ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????, ?? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ??????-?????-???, ?? ?????? ??? ???????, ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????-?????????-??????? ?? ????? ??????.
?????-??? ?? ????????? ???? ???, ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????, ?? ????????-???????? ??? ????? ??????. ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???????????, ????? ?? “??????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????, ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????????” [3], ????, ????, ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????.
???? ????, ???? ?????????, ????? ?????, ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????????, ???????, ???????? ?????????, ????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????-????????. ???? ????? ??, ??????, ??? ?????? ?????????, ??? ??, ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????-????? ???. ??????? ??? ????? ?????????? ????, ?? ?? ???????, ??? ?? ??????????? ???. ??????? ??????, ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ?”?????”, ????????? ?”?????” ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ?????????-???????? ?????. [4]
?????????? ?? ???? ???? ?????, ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ??????, ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????, ???? ????? ???? ??????, ???????? ????????? ??????.
???? ????? ????? ????? ??????. ??????? ????????, ?????? ??? ??????, ????? ?????? ????, ?????? ????-????, ???? ????. ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????.
????, ???? ?????, ???? ???? ? 2003: “????? ??????? [????????-?.?.] … ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????… ????? ???? ???? ???-????????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????… ????? ‘???????’ ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?????????.” [5]
???? 2003, ???? ???? ?? ????, ??? ?????’ ???? ?????, ?????? ???? ??????????? ????’ ??????, ???? ???? ?? ??????. ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?-???’?-???????? ?? ??????? ????????. ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???, ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???. ??? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ??????, ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ????, ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????’? ??????? ??????? ??????. ??? ???? ?? ???????? ????, ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????, ???? ???? ????. [6]
????? “????? ?????? ??????, 1948-2003”, ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????, ????? ??’??? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????. ??? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????, ???? ??, ????? ???? ?????? ??????. ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ???, ????? ??????????????, ????, ???-????????? ??????, ?? ??? ?????, ??????. [7] ?? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????, ?????? ?????? ???.

“?? ?????? ???????”, ???? ???? ????. ??????, ???? ??????: “?? ??????, ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????, ??? ??????? ????? ?????????”. [8]
????????? ?????, ??????? ????? ????, ???? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????. ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????. ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????. ??? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ?? ????, ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????, ??? ???? ??????.
????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????, ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??”? ??? ?????? ??????. ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??”? ?????? ????? ????????, ???? ?????? ?”????? ???? ???????”, ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????.
???????? ????? ??????? ?????, ???? ????? ??U??? ???? ??????? ?????? “????”, ????? “?? ??????” ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? [9], ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????????? ???? ??? ??????, ????????, ?????, ????? ????? ???? ??????: “?? ???? ????, ?????????, ???? ????????, ??????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????.” ?????, ?? ?? ???, ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????, ??? ?????, ??????, ?????? ??????? ????? ???”?, ????: “?????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????, ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????, ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????. ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???, ??????? ?????? ???, ????? ??????, ?????”. [10]
?? ????. ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????-?????? ???. ?? ??? ?? ???, ?????, ??????? ??????, ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????.
?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ? 1970 ?? 1980, ???? ????: “?????, ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ????????, ???? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ???????” [11]. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??, ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???-????. ??? ?? ????? ???-??????, ????? ?????-???, ????? ????, ????? ?????, ???? ???, ??? ????, ??? ??????, ???? ???? ????? ?????????, ????? ???? ????? ????”? ?? “????? ???? ???????”. ??? ????? ??, ????? “??? ???”, ??????, ???? ???, ????”?, ?????? ??????, “?????? ????? ?????????????” [12]. ??????????????, ?? ?????? ??, ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????? (????????, ????…) ????? ????, ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ???????????? ?? ?????????.
?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?”?????”, ???? ???????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? “????? ???? ???????”, ??????????? ?????????? ???? ???:
“???????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? … ??????, ??? ??? ?????? ?? … ?????????? ?????? ?… ???? ????? ??????. … ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????, ?????? ?? ??? ???? … ?? ???? ???????? … ????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????????? … ?????, ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?… ????????? … ?????? ?????? … ???? ?… ???????. … ???, ?????, ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???. ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? … ?????????, ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????. ???, ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????, ?? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?????, ???? ??????. ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??????? … ?? ????? ?????? ??????, ????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????? ????? … ??? ??????? ??????, ?? ??, ??? ??????, ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ‘????? ?????? ?????? ??????, ????? ?????? ??????’. ?????, ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ????-??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????.” [13]

??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????????, ???????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????, ??, ?? ?? ????? ???? ????, ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????, ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ????.
??????? ???: “???? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ??????, ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????, ????, ???????, ???? ????, ???? ????. ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????, ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????”. [14]
???? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ???. ?????????, ????. ??? ?????: “????? ??? ????… ????? ???? ???…” ?????? ???? ?? “???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???, ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????, ??????, ?????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????.” [15]
????? ?????, ?????????, ???????? ????????, ?????? ?????????, ???? ??????, ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????, ??? ?????? ?? ??? – ?????, ?????, ?????, ?????? – ???? ????? ???, ????? ??????, ?????.
??? ???? ????.
????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?”? ???? ???? ??????????? ?? ????
“???? ???? ??????? ????? ?????”
30 ?????? 2003
[1] ??? ????, ?????? 939, 25 ?????? 1998, “????????, ???????: ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????. ?????? ?? ???? ??????”, ?”? 34-49 ?????, 1998, “???????. ????? ??? ?????? ????.” ???? 2 ??????? 1998, ?”? 60.
[2] ????? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???.
[3] ??? ????, ????, 2002-2003. “???? ?? ????? ???????? ??????.” ?????? ???? 6:6-14
[4] ??? ???? ??? ?????, ?????, ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ????, ????????????, ?????? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????, ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??
Ruth Frankenberg. 1993. White Women, Race Matters. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
[5] ??? ????, 2003, http://www.kedma.co.il/VikiShiran/Vki01.htm . ????? ?????? ??????? ????? 22.

[6] ??? http://pluto.mscc.huji.ac.il/~msyberg/Higher_Education/
[7] ??? ?????, ??? ????. 2004. ????? ?????? ??????, 1948-2003. ?? ????: ?? ????. ?????? ?”? 308, 312. ??? ?? http://www.kedma.co.il/opinion/opinionfile/LaviSmadar150903.htm
[8] ??? ????, 1998, ??.
[9] ??? ???? 1998, ??.
[10] ??? ????, 1998, ??, ?? ???? ??????.
[11] ??? ????, ????. 2002. “?????? ????? ???????: ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????.” ???? ???? ???: ??????? ?????. ?????, ????? ???? ???. ????????: ?? ????????? ???? ????? ?”?. ?”? 12-19.
[12] ????, 1998, ??.
[13] ??? ????, 2003, ??.
[14] ??? ????, 2002, ??.
[15] ??? ????, 2002, ??.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *